International Journal of Education, Modern Management, Applied Science & Social Science (IJEMMASSS)

Publisher :

Prof. (Dr.) S.S. Modi

Proprietor, INSPIRA

President, Inspira Research Association,

25, Sudama Nagar, Tonk Road, Jaipur - 302018

Mail Id: profdrssmodi@gmail.com

IJEMMASSS

Vol. 01 | No. 01 | January-March, 2019

Title: COVER PAGE

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Title: CONTENTS

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Title: SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS OF AGING IN INDIA

Authors: Dr. Jehangir Bhraucha

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This paper attempts to explore and analyze the prevailing scenario of the Indian public healthcare sector in relation to India’s aging population and the facilities provided in both the private as well as public sectors. Based on the various government policies relating to pensions, social security and protecting the rights of senior citizens the paper identifies the discrepancies that exist between the policies set by the government and its implementation as against the actual scenario. It also focuses on the private sector, and how it has evolved to provide services to fulfill the needs of the aged. It further studies the various initiatives and schemes undertaken by the government and also provides suggestions to address the root causes with regard to the shortcomings of social security and retirement in India. The paper attempts to assess both the social and economic impact on India’s increasingly aging population and the influence of this demographic change as our culture becomes increasingly westernized and the concept of joint families begins to lose its appeal. The research raises a question on the applicability and feasibility of the processes currently employed and proposes how to tackle the existing issues therein. Factoring in changes in life expectancies, medical improvements, and India’s struggle with poverty as well as other such influences on the treatment of seniors this paper provides an overview of the aging problem in India and support.

Keywords: Aging Population, Private Healthcare, Public Healthcare, Old-Age Homes, Life Expectancy.

Page 01-08

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Title: A SURVIVAL ANALYSIS OF HIV/AIDS PATIENTS IN THE CASE OF DEBRE BERHAN REFERRAL HOSPITAL

Authors: A.R. Muralidharan & MS. Fasika Melese

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This study was conducted in Debre Berhan, located 125 k.m distances from Addis Ababa capital of Ethiopia. Debre Berhan  is a city in central Ethiopia and located in Amhara region. This case study focuses on the survival analysis of HIV/AIDS patients. HIV refers to human immunodeficiency virus; it is a collection of virus those most likely mutated decades ago from a virus that infected chimpanzees to a virus that infects humans. It began to spread beyond the African continent in the late 1970s and is now endemic worldwide. HIV infection leads to low levels of CD4+ T cells that in turn make the body susceptible to opportunistic infection. The introduction of ART in 1996 was a turning point for thousands of people with sophisticated health care. Retrospective fife years HIV/AIDS Disease cohort study was conducted in patients, who were undergoing Antiretroviral Therapy in the ART clinic of Debre Berhan Referral Hospital, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia, during the period of January 2013 up to January 2018 were followed up through the ART routine registered recorded up to January 2018 taken from patients chart. Survival data was recorded. The data were collected at random by using simple random sample form the patient's data card .Further from this study, we observed the following results. Survival of patient is affected by sex that means being a male’s decrease survival time than being a female. In the base line regimen class taking the first has high survival time than taking the second class that means when regimen is change from first to next time of survival is decrease.  Survival is affected by functional status. WHO clinical stages, that is stage1 has high survival time than others, opportunistic infection and marital status.

Keywords: Survival Analysis, HIV/AIDS, Kaplan-Meier Plots, ART.

Page 09-29

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Title: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF JOB SATISFACTION AMONG NURSES OF GOVERNMENT AND PRIVATE SECTOR HOSPITALS OF JAIPUR

Authors: Dr. Shivani Lal

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Job satisfaction refers to one’s reaction and approach towards one’s job. It is often depends on how well results meet or exceed expectations. Contentment in one’s job means higher dedication in the fulfillment of work and job requirements. There will be greater enthusiasm to devote loyalty and time in job performance. An individual having pleasure will obviously be more involved towards the job. Thus, job satisfaction has direct positive association with performance but significantly negative correlation with job stress, poor performance and job turnover. Studies have proved that job satisfaction is to be most significant component for successful functioning of any organization. It has been found to be certainly related to self-esteem and morale of the employees. It is the crucial component in employee enhanced’ productivity, his regularity and job stability and has a spillover effect on employee workplace relations and accidents. In this paper a comparative study of job satisfaction among nurses of government and private sector hospitals of Jaipur has been discussed in detail.

Keywords: Job Satisfaction, Job Performance, Job Stress, Job Turnover, Productivity.

Page 30-42

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Title: RECENT FINANCIAL SECTOR REFORMS IN EMERGING ECONOMY OF INDIA

Authors: Nikhar Goyal

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Financial Sector Reforms is for the most part thought to be useful for the economy as it incites budgetary advancement and advances productivity in the money related framework, possibly prompting higher financial development. A standout amongst the most difficult discussions of current history is whether money related advancement causes monetary development or not. There are on-going changes in this part in India. Continuous changes to improve money related segment recommend that the prospects for this area to perform gainfully and wisely, while lessening instability in the framework. This paper tracks the tale of Indian money related part changes as far as number of fragments, for example, banking, obligation markets, forex markets and other non banking monetary organizations. The paper receives an exact survey approach for its investigation. Endeavours ought to be focused on the linkages of the segment with large scale accounts and where money related improvement seems to have been the weakest. Along these lines the paper takes a gander at different markers of various fragments of Indian budgetary division. By and large it is discovered that there has been an improvement in proficiency, aggressiveness and strength of the considerable number of fragments of the Indian money related area, the paper raises a few issues for the eventual fate of this part. Paper proposes accordingly, that the present changes be explored and supported in an organized way, for fitting diverting of assets for speculation and profitable purposes.

Keywords: Money Related Division, Effectiveness, Gainfulness, Obligation Advertise.

Page 43-46

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Title: WOMEN STARTUPS: OPPORTUNITIES & CHALLENGES

Authors: PALNS Kalyani

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The present paper explores the challenges faced by female start-ups and how to resolve them. The study also provided an insight into opportunities for women start-up founders in India.  The study is based on literature review on various issues and challenges faced by female entrepreneurs and also provided effective suggestions for increase and improve the participation of Female population at Start-ups in India.

Keywords: Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, Demographic Bonus, SETU Fund, E-biz Portal.

Page 47-52

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Title: SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING PRACTICES IN INDIA: AN ANALYSIS OF COMPLIANCE LEVEL OF BRR REQUIREMENTS AMONG INDIAN COMPANIES

Authors: Abhishek N & S Divyashree

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Traditional reporting pattern was only rely upon financial information but due the dynamic changes in the environment the information needs of the stakeholders are also shifted from static financial information need with dynamic integrated reported information which means they need both financial and non-financial information together to take their individual decisions. Today we can observe there are lot of discussions carrying on the matter of reporting and disclosure pattern of sustainability information. Here sustainability information means the information of the firm which represents the performance of the firm on the sustainable development of the society. This information consists of economic, environmental, human, consumer related performance disclosure. If this information is disclosed by the companies then it enables them for gaining confidence among all the stakeholders such as employees, customers, suppliers, loan providers, government and other regulatory authorities etc., in some countries of the world it is mandatory to report and disclose the sustainability information but in some countries it is voluntary. If the sustainability reporting is made mandatory then it will ensure the accountability on the firm’s sustainable performance because in some countries of the world there are separate regulations and standards for sustainability reporting practices so the present study is intended to analyse the Indian regulation of sustainability reporting and its compliance by Indian companies. And found that all the selected companies are good in complying with BRR requirements.

Keywords: Sustainability Reporting, BRR, Compliance Level.

Page 53-58

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Title: MUTUAL FUNDS: AN INTENSELY GROWING MARKET

Authors: Mrs. Kiran Bala

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Mutual funds are an exceptional tool for investment. The MF industry is turning out to be the fastest growing and most competitive segment of India’s financial sector, offering operational flexibility and attractive returns to investors (RBI, 2017). Compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of AUM of mutual funds in India has grown to 25 percent over the last five years (2013-2018). Matured financial market stimulates household savings. The transparency in operations due to SEBI, liberal foreign capital norms have resulted in the growth of mutual funds.. This article attempts to analyze recent developments in the industry, i.e., up to end-March 2018, with growing formalization and financialization of the Indian economy. The AUM has grown from INR 4.13 trillion in 2008 to INR 22.86 trillion in 2018 about 5.5 fold increases because of the contribution of the private and foreign players in the domestic market. MFs’ investment in equities stood at INR 8.9 trillion at end-March 2018, which accounted for 6.2 percent of market capitalization of the BSE listed companies.

Keywords: Mutual funds, AUM, CAGR, SEBI, AMFI, Financial Stability, Financial System.

Page 59-64

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Title: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF OPERATING SMALL SCALE BUSINESS

Authors: Harshna Agarwal

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Small and medium undertakings (SMEs ) also called small and medium scale ventures are the basic piece of sound economy. The SME area speaks to more than 90 percent of endeavors in a large portion of the creating nations and contributes 40-60 percent of the aggregate yield or esteem added to the national economy. SME segment in India is the key driver of the country's financial development with a commitment of more than 40 percent of the nation's modern yield and around 35 percent of direct exports and another 15 percent of indirect exports. As far as work is concerned, it is an extremely essential area being the second biggest segment after farming. As of late the SME part has reliably enrolled higher development rate contrasted with mechanical area. Small is wonderful yet is it Powerful? Indeed, say the SMEs. SME part faces various issues - absence of funds, restricted learning and non-accessibility of reasonable innovation, low generation limit, ineffectual e-promoting and distinguishing proof of new markets, imperatives on modernization and developments, no accessibility of exceptionally talented work at moderate expense, catch up with different organizations in tackling normal exercises and absence of communication with government offices on different issues. SMEs have solid innovative base, universal business standpoint, aggressive soul and eagerness to rebuild them will withstand the present difficulties and turn out with sparkling hues to make their own commitment to the Indian economy.

Keywords: Industry, Cost, Technology, Marketing, SMEs, Sound Economy, FB-SSIs.

Page 65-70

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