Entrepreneurship has been considered the backbone of economic development. It has been well established that the level of economic growth of a region to a large extent, depends on the level of entrepreneurial activities in the region. The myth that entrepreneurs are born, no more holds good, rather it is well recognised now that the entrepreneurs can be created and nurtured through appropriate interventions in the form of entrepreneurship development programmes. The shortage of skilled personnel of various kinds such as workers, scientists, technicians, managers, administrators, etc., possess a serious problem in the success of entrepreneurship in underdeveloped countries. It necessitates the setting up of scientific, technological, managerial, research and training institute. Though management and entrepreneurship are two different things in both the private and public sectors. Thus, motivations, abilities and congenial environment all combine to promote entrepreneurship. Since entrepreneurial motivation and abilities and long-run sociological problems, it is better to make the political, social and economic environment congenial for the growth of entrepreneurship in underdeveloped. So this paper highlights: (i) To study the role and contributions of small-scale entrepreneur in the economic development of the State and highlight of entrepreneurship development in Assam and employment programme in Assam, (ii) To highlight of unemployment scenario and employment scenario in Assam, and (iii) To highlight of promoting entrepreneurship of North East India.